Infrastructure in Odisha

1. Power:

Energy is the driving force of State economic growth, either in the form of finite resources such as coal, oil and gas or in renewable forms such as hydroelectric, wind, solar and biomass, or its converted form of electricity. The energy sector not only profoundly influences the diversified economic activities but also has direct bearings on the quality of the State′s air, water, land, forest resources and climate changes.

Demand and availability of Power

Year Demand (Estimated) Availability of Power from different sources Installed Capacity Sold to other States
State Sector Central Sector Other Sources Purchase from Captive Plants of the State Total
2014-15 2910 1552 1310 33 124 3019 5532.00 137
2015-16 2934 1466 1275 85 75 2901 5593.61 44
2016-17 3090 1851 998 28 85 2962 5509.37 156

Power Consumption in Odisha

(Consumption in MW)

Year Total Consum-ption Consumption Sector
Domestic Commercial Industrial Public Lighting Irrigation & Agriculture Railways Public Water Works Bulk Supply & Others
2014-15 15440 5473 1703 6344 81 229 1031 236 343
2015-16 15923 6042 1845 5970 88 261 1088 247 382
2016-17 16343 6296 2035 5793 92 338 1118 260 411

2. Transport:

a) Road Transport:

Roads & transport have profoundly influenced the lifestyle, mobility and quality of life of the people. Demographic trend, urbanization, industrialization and human settlements etc. have led to the upsurge of mobility in both passenger and freight traffic in the State. With the diversification of all social and economic activities, the dependency syndrome of mobility on major modes of transport like road, railways, airways and waterways remain very high in Odisha.

Road Length in Odisha by Types, 2016-17

Type of Roads Length (Kms)
National Highways 4855.51
Express Highways 38.38
State Highways 4100.63
Urban Roads 18590.69
Rural Roads 36128.34
Major District Roads 2816.98
Other District Roads 13453.94
GP/PS Roads 162476.45
Forest Roads 7574.90
Irrigation Roads 6277.00
GRIDCO Roads 88.00
Total (Kms) 256401.02

b). Water Transport

i)  Paradeep Port: Paradeep Port, declared as the 8th major port of India in April, 1966 by Government of India, is the only major port in Odisha and the first major port on the East Coast commissioned in independent India. The port is situated 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam at latitude 20°15‶ 58.63‵ N and longitude 86°40‶ 27.34‵ E. It has an artificial type lagoon of 500 meters length, 160 meters width and one turning circle of 520 meters diameter. The port is equipped with 15 berths, three single point moorings and one Ro-Ro jetty for handling various cargoes. Of this, 8 berths are fully mechanized for handling of iron ore, thermal coal and POL. Two berths are captive berths in which fertilizers are handled, one berth has been allotted to M/s. ESSAR for handling of iron-ore pellets on captive basis and the others are multi-purpose in nature and semi mechanized. The port has 143.44 million tons of cargo handling capacity as on 31st March 2017. The major ongoing capacity addition projects in the Port are Southern oil jetty, multipurpose clean cargo berth, Deep drought coal berth and Deep drought iron ore berth on BOT basis.

ii)  Other Ports: With 480 kms of coast lines, Odisha has 13 potential sites for minor ports development. These minor ports are located at Gopalpur,BehudaMuhan&Palur in Ganjam district; Baliharchandi&Astaranga in Puri district; JatadharMuhan in Jagatsinghpur district; Inchri, Chandipur, Bahabalpur, Kirtania&Bichitrapur (Talasari) in Balasore district and Dhamra&Chudamani in Bhadrak district. Dhamra port is commercially operational while Gopalpur and Kirtania minor ports are under development with private sector support. Government of Odisha makes efforts to develop a riverine port on Mahanadi River near Paradeep to boost coastal shipping. Odisha has declared Port Policy in 2004, Odisha Boat Rules 2004 and Maritime Board Bill, 2012 for proper development, management, registration, operation and monitoring of ports and boats with private participation.

iii)  Inland Water Transport (IWT): IWT has vast potential but less network in Odisha. The passenger launch services are used in remote areas where other modes of transport are generally lacking. Inland water transport services are provided by the State Government. The Directorate of Port and Inland Water Transport is under the administrative control of Commerce and Transport Department. Government of Odisha is the nodal agency, which controls activities relating to passenger launch services, survey and registration of inland crafts. Passenger motor launch services are operative in six different water routes in two sectors, i.e., Chandbali and Balugaon sector. Chandbali sector provides launch service from Chandbali to Talachuan, Chandbali to Aradi and Bhitarkanika (on reservation) through 6 numbers of motor launches. Balugaon sector provides services from Balugaon to KrushnaprasadGada and Kalijai through 6 motor launches and also services from Nuagada to GandaKulai via- Kaliakana. During 2016-17, 1.58 lakh passengers were moved by IWT and Rs.22.70 lakh revenue was collected from fare.

3. Railways

Railway routes pass through twenty-four (24) districts of the State, excluding Boudh, Deogarh, Kandhamal, Kendrapara, Malkangiri and Nawarangapur. The density of coverage is relatively high in some regions of the State, while central parts remain largely untouched. A large disparity across districts exists. By the end of 2016-17, the State had 2606.267 km of railway lines. Overall, railway coverage is poor in the State and this is one of the factors that has hampered the pace of its industrial development. The railway route length in the State per thousand sq. km, which is the same as railway density, is about 16 km, while the national railway density is around 20 km. During 2016-17 the following progress of railways in Odisha have been made.

Government of Odisha committed contribution of equity of 26 percent for 2 SPV mode railway projects. Rs.114.80 crore and Rs.127.80 crore were contributed by State Government for Haridaspur-Paradeep & Angul-Sukindarail projects respectively from 2013-14 to 2016-17. In addition, close monitoring of Railway projects and coordination with concerned departments like Revenue & D.M, Forest & Environment, and IDCO is being done for all other ongoing Railway projects in the State such as Khurda Road-Bolangir, Talcher-Bimalagarh, Sambalpur-Angul doubling, and Sambalpur-Titilagarh doubling.

tate Government provided free of cost land and 50 percent of construction cost for stretch of 112-289 kms (Daspalla-Balangir) segment of total Khurda road-Balangir Railway project after Ministry of Railways sanctioned for 0-112 km stretch (Khurda road-Daspalla) segment only of the same route due to low economic return factor. An amount of Rs.10 crore was provided for land acquisition and ` 90 crore has been deposited in East Coast Railway towards State contribution for early completion of this important Railway project.

A budget allocation of Rs.5102 crore during 2017-18 has been made in favour of the State in Railway Budget, 9 percent higher than last year. In October 2016, State Government have signed two MoUs with Ministry of Railways for two new projects–Jeypore- Malkanagiri (130 Km) and Nabarangapur-Jeypore (38 Km)– to bring Rail connectivity to Malkanagiri and Nabarangpur district.

4. Irrigation

Status of Irrigation Potential Created & Utilized in Odisha

Year Irrigation Potential Created Potential Utilized % of utilization
Kharif Rabi Total Kharif Rabi Total
2014-15 3457.47 1696.56 5154.03 2327 1134 3461 67.15
2015-16 3670.91 1803.48 5474.39 2241.41 1052.94 3294.35 60.18
2016-17 3784.00 1807.00 5591 2364.00 1189.00 3553 63.54